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IT Systems and networks administration

This section provides content of interest to IT professionals involved in managing systems, services, applications, network equipment, technical and user support, access controls and SOC or IT incident response specialists.

Crystal ball 2023

What to expect from the industrial cybersecurity in 2023?

Posted on 01/26/2023, by INCIBE
In the year 2022 and as is reflected in the article “Industrial Security 2022 in numbers”, cyberattacks in all industrial sectors have increased by around 30 % in the third quarter of 2022 and it is estimated that the number of organizations or industrial manufacturers victims of a cyberattack was around 40% in the last year. Especially in the industrial sector, the number of attacks has grown exponentially due to the massive introduction of IoT devices (it is expected to go from 13.5 to 21.5 million connected devices in three years) or more specifically about IIoT devices, which have been the main gateway for attacks as manufacturers have prioritized features and mass-production of devices over the security. In addition, this is compounded by planned obsolescence planned (increasingly present in this type of devices), increased interoperability and connectivity and the appearance of new types of malware and exploits which are much more effective.
hand edge computing

Edge computing the future in computation

Posted on 01/11/2023, by INCIBE
After the establishment of the cloud technology in industrial environments to provide processes a greater intelligence, new technological challenges arise that give rise to technical implementation solutions such as edge computing. This strategy makes it possible to extend cloud environments to different locations for processing collected data from the environment locally and immediately. An example of this new technological paradigm can be seen in modern manufacturing plants where sensors (IIoT) generate a constant flow of data to prevent breakdowns, improve operations, etc. Given that amount of data that can be generated, it is faster and more profitable to process the data in a close position from the equipment rather than transmitting It to a remote data center.
hand breaking stone shield

How to prevent an antivirus bypass

Posted on 12/29/2022, by INCIBE
Antivirus is one of the main lines of defence when a user downloads a malicious file or an attacker has gained access to the computer and attempts to execute malware. Cybercriminals use various means to avoid an antivirus, using different tools and techniques depending on their type and functionalities. This article details the techniques commonly used, as well as the protective measures we should take to prevent attackers from executing malware on our computers.
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Incontroller, the intelligent menace

Posted on 12/15/2022, by INCIBE
The increase in industrial control systems and the shortcomings of those systems in cybersecurity measures have made such systems a preferred target of attacks. The number of tools designed to pose a threat to the OT sector has increased, and the use of the Incontroller tool is especially concerning.
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Web-based virtual radars

Posted on 11/11/2022, by Víctor Rivero Díez (INCIBE)
Es tanta la información que se encuentra actualmente accesible para los usuarios en Internet, que aquella ofrecida por ciertas páginas web o aplicaciones en tiempo real puede resultar de especial preocupación en cuanto a su confidencialidad para ciertos sectores, dado que podría ser utilizada con fines malintencionados.
Context in the measurement of cyberresilience at the national level

Context in the measurement of cyberresilience indicators at the national level

Posted on 10/27/2022, by INCIBE
Organisations are exposed to the consequences of cyber threats, and may be ill-prepared to face and manage cyber incidents, whether provoked or unprovoked. For this reason, in 2014 INCIBE launched its Indicators for the Improvement of Cyber Resilience (IMC) model, with the aim of improving and understanding the state of cyber resilience in organisations.
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Attacks on analog sensors in OT

Posted on 10/06/2022, by INCIBE
In order to increase security levels in OT networks, there are now solutions that monitor networks, devices and configurations, actively looking for anomalies and possible security flaws and intrusions that could take place. However, there are other types of attacks on ICS that are carried out on a completely different plane, where anomaly analysis systems can’t reach. These are attacks on analog sensors.
Threat analysis study

Threat analysis study: Nobelium

Posted on 09/08/2022, by INCIBE
Nobelium es la denominación de Microsoft para un grupo de atacantes que, según la atribución llevada a cabo por la Agencia de Seguridad de Infraestructura y Ciberseguridad (CISA) de Estados Unidos, pertenecen al Servicio de Inteligencia Exterior (SRV) de Rusia. Este grupo criminal es conocido por el ataque a la cadena de suministro de SolarWinds, y una campaña masiva de phishing haciéndose pasar por una empresa de desarrollo estadounidense.

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