ICS environments are made up of very heterogeneous machines, with large differences depending on the system we are dealing with. Some of these systems have very strict response time requirements for their correct operation and therefore use real-time operating systems. Throughout this article we will see what real-time operating systems are, how they work, and we will propose hardening measures to reduce the likelihood that these devices will suffer a cyberattack.
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Post related to: Industrial Control System
Over time, different communities of experts related to the world of industrial cybersecurity have realised the challenge of calculating the CVSS (Common Vulnerability Score System) for vulnerabilities in industrial environments. This article aims to show the alternatives proposed by experts, such as RSS-MD, TEMSL and IVSS in order to correctly calculate their severity in the industrial environment.
Trips across the ocean have changed over the years with the arrival of the industrial revolution and information technology, among other things, making technology its best ally, both to automate their navigation and to control their location from land-based stations. However, this total dependence on technology brings with it important security issues that need to be addressed with the importance they deserve.
The concept of defence in industrial environments is changing. Just as the attacks are increasingly more sophisticated, the protection systems tend to be more flexible and more evolved. Being able to strengthen the upper levels, such as active defence and intelligence, is essential, whilst always maintaining a solid base of the lower levels (passive defence and secure architecture).
Over the past few years, and especially after the arrival of the 4.0 industry, conferences, events and summits on industrial cybersecurity, and in general, all other topics related to industrial security and the IoT environment have been growing year upon year. This article will look at the main conferences on industrial cybersecurity both at national and international level.
Given that availability is always a critical point to take into account for within industrial environments, it is necessary to prevent the attacks that denial of services cause and that affect these environments. The means of giving way to a denial of service can be diverse, much like the means of mitigating these problems. This article will review all of these points, as well as the way in which the risks derived from these attacks can be reduced.
Manufacturers have an essential role with regards improving the cybersecurity in their devices. These improvements will not only affect the devices, but rather they will also involve an improvement in the cybersecurity of industrial infrastructure where the new security provisions and functions that have the manufacturers' automation and control solutions (e.g. SCADA, PLC, etc.) are introduced.
The wireless protocols used in industrial environments for communication between devices are numerous are extensive, therefore ensuring these communications is vital for industrial process to function correctly. In this article, we'll look at the advantages of wireless communication audits and the disadvantages of not performing them.